California continues to be a national leader in healthcare price and transparency initiatives.

For the latest 2017-2018 legislative term, the California legislature considered 5,617 bills and resolutions that coalesced around four themes. Specifically, California has made great strides in the last legislative term to limit out of pocket expenses, explore single payer system once again, strengthen merger review authority of health care entities with exception to those regarding emergency services, increase transparency in health care costs, and affirm medical loss ratios (read more in 2017-2018 Term Recap Part 1 and Part 2 on The Source Blog).

In previous legislative terms, California legislation sought to provide additional processes and structures to improve healthcare price transparency and, in effect, lower costs. In September 2016, Governor Brown signed a bill that requires health insurers to notify their policyholders when regulators think their price hikes are too high (SB 908), and a bill that protects patients from out-of-network provider “surprise bills” (AB 72). Other proposed legislation sought to reduce healthcare costs by requiring insurance carriers to provide a minimum value of 60%; and by clarifying family and individual family member cost sharing.

Overall, California remains an active participant in the initiative to reduce healthcare costs and improve price transparency. California’s legislation and regulation aligns with similarly active and progressive states by focusing on pharmaceutical costs and stakeholder transparency measures. With a new governor, the new 2019-2020 legislative cycle may bring about more bills that disrupt, regulate, or contain health care markets and prices.

The State Database

The Source tracks state activities impacting healthcare price and competition in both legislation and litigation in a searchable database to help stakeholders at the state level understand their legal and regulatory environment as they make efforts to improve access, quality, and efficiency, and reduce costs in healthcare.

LEGISLATION: The Database of State Laws Impacting Healthcare Cost and Quality (SLIHCQ), created by The Source on Healthcare Price & Competition and Catalyst for Payment Reform, catalogues state legislation governing price transparency, provider market power, provider payment, provider networks, and benefit design. The database also includes pharmaceutical legislation beginning in the 2017-2018 legislative session. *Note: Current legislative session bill updates are ongoing. Check back weekly for updates. 

LITIGATION: The Source tracks major litigation and antitrust enforcement action by federal entities (FTC or DOJ), state attorney generals, and private parties in the main provider and insurer markets, particularly legal challenges of healthcare consolidation and anticompetitive contract provisions. Additionally, the database contains major pharmaceutical cases including legislation challenges and significant appellate cases.

Search the database across all jurisdictions on the State Overview page, or view and filter existing legislation or litigation on individual state pages. The database allows customized search and filter by keyword, status, and/or key issue category. *Multiple filter/selections enabled. Click here for User Guide.


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© 2018-2019 The SLIHCQ DatabaseInitial funding for this project was provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views of the Foundation.
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© 2018-2019 The SLIHCQ DatabaseInitial funding for this project was provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views of the Foundation.
Filter by Key Issue

Additional Resources


California’s current legislative session runs from 1/7/2019 – 11/30/2019. Bills from 2019 will carry over to 2020 as part of the 2019-2020 legislative term.


California’s fiscal year runs from July 1 through June 30. To view the 2018-2019 enacted Health and Human Services budget summary, click here. The Governor proposed the 2019-2020 budget on January 10, 2019. After its introduction, the legislature has until June 15 to pass the budget. To view California’s Department of Health and Human Services FY 2019-2020 Budget, visit page 61.


  • California was one of 16 states to file an amicus brief supporting the FTC’s winning position in the Ninth Circuit appeal of St. Luke’s Health Care Sys. v. FTC, No. 14-35173 (March 7, 2014), decided February 10, 2015. The States’ brief stated that the acceleration of health care costs due to the growth of large health care provider systems had become a matter of grave concern for the states.