Michigan is one of the few states that bans Most Favored Nation (MFN) clauses in healthcare contracts between providers and health care corporations. The ban resulted from a landmark antitrust enforcement case against Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan that settled in 2013. In provider consolidation, the state has a strong certificate of need (CON) law that requires review of impact on health Access, pricing, or competition.
Although the Michigan Data Collaborative, a nonprofit healthcare data organization at the University of Michigan, built a Multi-Payer Claims Database that began collecting data in 2010, the state has not implemented an all-payer claims database (APCD). The Michigan Data Collaborative surveys around forty percent of the Michigan population and includes Medicare, Medicaid, and the state’s three largest commercial payers, representing eighty percent of the market in Michigan. In 2015, the state proposed an APCD mandate with the Michigan Health Care Transparency Act, but it failed to pass and has not seen further action since then.
In the 2020 legislative session, the state enacted legislation to protect consumers against surprise billing in emergency situations. When patients receive care at an in-network hospital but see an out-of-network provider, their insurance company will pay the doctor according to a payment formula that is either 150% of what would be charged to Medicaid or the average regional amount in the patient’s health benefit plan.
In telehealth, while Michigan law requires coverage parity for telemedicine services, the insurer, not the provider, decides which services may be “appropriately provided” via telemedicine.
See below for an overview of existing Michigan state mandates. Click on citation tab for detailed information of specific statutes (click link to download statute text).
Latest Legislative Session: 1/11/2022 - 12/31/2023 (2023-2024 term). *Current session bill updates are ongoing. Check back weekly for updates.
Michigan’s fiscal year begins on October 1st and ends on September 30th of the following calendar year. While there is no specific legal time requirement for passage of the budget bills, this task is accomplished prior to the beginning of the new fiscal year. Appropriations bills are usually considered and passed in April by the first house, in early June by the second house, and usually final action is completed in July.