Colorado is a state to watch on healthcare transparency and costs. Colorado has a working All-Payer Claims Database, which calls itself “the most comprehensive source of health claims data from public and private payers in Colorado.” Indeed, Colorado’s APCD includes a full scope of providers and paid amounts, and has an easily accessible website for consumers. In the enforcement realm, the state has not been too active. It has allowed a few recent sales of non-profit hospitals on the grounds that they complied with the state’s statutory requirements.

In the 2018 legislative term, Colorado was very active and passed several bills to promote price transparency and broaden coverage. The legislature introduced the Colorado Prescription Drug Price Transparency Act of 2018 (HB 1260), which would require makers of prescription drugs to provide notice when they hike prices on certain drugs by more than 10 percent in a two-year period. The bill passed in House but was postponed indefinitely in the Republican-controlled Senate.

However, the state was successful in passing a number of other price transparency bills, including disclosure of prescription costs at pharmacies (HB 1284) and allowing the general assembly to pay for expenses related to the all-payer health claims database (HB 1327). Additionally, bipartisan efforts tackled confusing practices and hidden pricing at freestanding emergency departments (FSEDs) by passing SB 146, which requires FSEDs to provide disclosures to enable patients to make better-informed decisions before incurring charges, and HB 1282, which assigns a unique facility identifier to all FSEDs in Colorado for billing purposes.

The State Database

The Source tracks state activities impacting healthcare price and competition in both legislation and litigation in a searchable database to help stakeholders at the state level understand their legal and regulatory environment as they make efforts to improve access, quality, and efficiency, and reduce costs in healthcare. We currently cover bills from the 2017-2018 legislative term and key statutes from each state. Search the database for specific bills, statutes or cases by using keyword, key issue category, and/or jurisdiction.

*Note: 2019 legislative session updates are currently in progress. Check back weekly for updates. 

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Additional Resources


Colorado’s current legislative term runs from 1/4/2019 – 5/4/2019. Colorado’s next legislative session will convene in 2020.

FY 2017-2018 BUDGET

Budgets are set for a fiscal year. The fiscal year is the 12‐month period beginning on July 1 and ending June 30 of the following year. The FY 2017-2018 Budget passed in May 2017. To view Colorado’s FY 2017-2018 spending on Medicaid and health spending, click here.