In the current legislative term, Kentucky has been active in introducing healthcare price transparency legislation aimed at both prescription drugs (HB 463) and healthcare costs in general (SB 154). In the 2016 legislative term, Kentucky sought to regulate price transparency in the very narrow area of air ambulance pricing. HB171, which was introduced but did not pass, would have required air ambulance providers to disclose certain price information to the Kentucky Board of Emergency Medical Services and would have required health benefit plans to “prominently provide notice in each contract” whether air ambulance is covered, and if so, the amount of coverage.



Legislative Calendar

Kentucky’s current regular legislative session runs from 1/2/2018 – 4/15/2018.


Recent Legislative Developments

Healthcare Transparency

2018 SB 154 AN ACT RELATING TO HEALTH CARE TRANSPARENCY: require, for all health benefit plans, insurers to develop and implement an incentive program for covered persons who elect to receive a comparable health care service; require insurers to establish an interactive mechanism on a publicly accessible Web site that enables covered persons to obtain information about amounts paid for health care services by their insurer and a good-faith estimate of out-of-pocket costs for a nonemergency health care service; require health benefit plans to provide coverage for certain nonemergency services provided by a nonparticipating provider at prices that are the same or less than the average allowed amount for participating providers; require contracts with participating providers to include a clause requiring the provider to provide sufficient information to covered persons for the person to receive a good-faith estimate pursuant to the Act; require nonparticipating providers to disclose the price of nonemergency health care services to covered persons; require health care providers to post notice to patients of their rights under this Act and to disclose prices charged for the most common health care services. Active – Referred to Banking & Insurance
HB 463 AN ACT RELATING TO PHARMACY BENEFITS: Create a new section of Subtitle 17A of KRS Chapter 304 to define cost sharing; prohibit an insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or other administrator from requiring payment for prescription drugs in excess of certain amounts; prohibit an insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or other administrator from imposing a penalty on a pharmacist or pharmacy for complying as required; prohibit an insurer, pharmacy benefit manager, or other administrator from prohibiting a pharmacist or pharmacy from discussing information relating to cost sharing or selling a more affordable alternative to the insured. Active – introduced in House
2015-2016 HB171


AIR AMBULANCE CLAIMS DIRECTORY: would require the Kentucky Board of Emergency Medical Services to annually obtain charges billed by all air ambulance providers licensed and operating in the state and deem the information as proprietary and not subject to the Open Records Act; to determine the average cost of air ambulance services in the state which shall be subject to the provisions of the Open Records Act; require the board to submit the average cost to the commissioner of the Department of Insurance; authorize the board to promulgate administrative regulations to establish a form to be completed by all air ambulance service providers to determine average cost of services; and require any air ambulance service providers licensed and operating in the state to comply with the submission of charges requirement.

HB171 would also require health benefit plans to prominently provide a notice in each contract for coverage whether the contract covers air ambulance service and, if provided, the dollar amount of coverage; and require the commissioner of the Department of Insurance to review all health benefit plans for compliance with the notice requirement and to provide the average cost of all ambulance services to all health benefit plans every three years.

Inactive— Died.


Healthcare Cost

2018 SB 5


AN ACT RELATING TO PHARMACY BENEFITS IN THE MEDICAID PROGRAM: Create a new section of KRS Chapter 205 to require the Department for Medicaid Services to directly administer all outpatient pharmacy benefits; prohibit renewal or negotiation of new contracts to provide Medicaid managed care that allow administration of outpatient benefits by any entity but the Department for Medicaid Services; reduce costs of future Medicaid managed care contracts by costs of all outpatient pharmacy benefits as they existed on January 1, 2017; allow the department to utilize managed care principles and techniques to assist with member medication adherence and cost control; require the department to establish a reasonable dispensing fee pursuant to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services guidelines. Active – Passed in Senate, referred to House
HR 101 Encourage the United States Congress to pass legislation that permits the United States Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies for fair and reasonable prices on prescription drugs Active – Introduced in House.

Healthcare Markets

2018 SB 112/HB 12


AN ACT RELATING TO TELEHEALTH. Create a new section of KRS Chapter 205 to require the cabinet to regulate telehealth; set requirements for the delivery of telehealth services to Medicaid recipients; require equivalent reimbursement for telehealth services; require provision of coverage and reimbursement for telehealth. Active – Passed in Senate, referred to House


Key Statutes

We compile state statutes relate to healthcare price and competition, including healthcare transparency, markets, and costs. For a complete listing of all health related statutes visit the State Health Practice Database for Research.

Transparency in Healthcare

  • Stat. Ann. § 216.261 creates the Kentucky Health Care Infrastructure Authority, to be operated jointly by the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville. The Authority is charged with providing leadership and expertise in the redesign of Kentucky’s healthcare delivery system vis-à-vis improved information technology infrastructure, and to conduct research to determine the impact of said improvements on healthcare quality and costs.


  • Stat. Ann. § 216.267 creates the Kentucky e-Health Network Board to oversee the creation of a Kentucky e-health network (“Ke-HN”) under the auspices of the Kentucky Health Care Infrastructure Authority. The Ke-HN is envisioned to support electronic transactions and activities such as electronic access to lab results, disease tracking, links to drug formularies and cost information, medical records transferal, and links to patient educational materials.



  • Stat. Ann. § 216.2929 directs the Cabinet for Health and Family Services to annually publish information on charges for healthcare services on its website in order to permit consumers to make comparisons between healthcare facilities.


Healthcare Contracting

  • Stat. Ann. § 304.17A-560 prohibits most favored nation provision in an agreement between an insurance carrier and a participating provider except in cases “where the commissioner determines the market share of the insurer is nominal.” A most favored nations clause is an agreement between a payer (such as an insurance company) and a provider that typically requires a provider to give the payer the lowest rate that it gave to any other comparable payer, which can be anticompetitive by encouraging oligopolistic pricing by large payers and increasing barriers for new entrants.


Healthcare Markets

  • Stat. Ann. ch. 216B et seq. prohibits health care providers from acquiring, replacing, or adding to their facilities and equipment, except in specified circumstances, without the prior approval of the Cabinet for Health and Family Services through the state’s Certificate of Need process. A Certificate of Need regime aims to reduce healthcare overheard by reducing unnecessary or duplicative services, but can be anticompetitive by increasing regulatory barriers for new entrants.


  • Stat. Ann. § 304.17A-270 prohibits a health insurer from discriminating against any provider who is located within the geographic coverage area of the health benefit plan and is also willing to meet the established terms and conditions for participation in the plan.


2016-2018 BUDGET

Annual appropriations are made in the biennial budget bills. The state’s fiscal year begins July 1 and extends to the following June 30. Kentucky enacted the 2016-2018 biennium budget in the regular 2016 legislative session. To view Kentucky’s spending on health and family services, visit pages here.



  • None identified.



Kentucky State Legislature

Kentucky Office of the Attorney General

Hospital Discharge Database